How to Distinguish Between SFP-GE-T and GLC-T?

One of the best things about the SFP/SFP+ transceiver standard is that it allows a single piece of networking hardware to support a wide range of different cabling standards.  Rather than needing an entirely new switch for example, you can just swap optical transceivers which each handle a different kind of cabling or connector.

The downside to this is that there's a truly dizzying array of SFP transceivers, each often having only minor differences between them.  Even experienced professionals have to go look up tech sheets to figure out which one will work best.

Accordingly, one of the most common questions we get regarding SFP transceivers is "What's the difference between the SFP-GE-T and GLC-T standards?"

And, basically, the answer is "Not much."

Distinguishing Between SFP-GE-T and GLC-T SFP Formats

On the face of it, the two formats are pretty similar and, most of the time, are interchangeable.

Both are:

1. 1000BaseT

2. RJ45-Based

3. Good for up to 100m Ethernet cables

4. Gigabit-speed with 10/100 compatibility

5. Useful in the same temperature ranges (0-70C)

So in other words, they're both fairly basic Gigabit Ethernet SFP ports, and both should work fine with any standard GbE cabling. For 99% of network operators, either could be used with no problems.

What's the difference?  The only major thing separating them is that SFP-GE-T conforms to NEBS Level 3 standards.  Which brings us to the next obvious question:

What Is NEBS Level 3?

NEBS stands for Network Equipment Building System and is a set of standards for building networking equipment which can withstand a variety of environmental stresses.  NEBS is generally only relevant within telecoms and other high-level service providers.

NEBS Level 3 regulates a lot of stresses including:

1. Fire resistance

2. Thermal margins

3. Acoustic limits

4. Proper airflow

5. Vibration resistance (like earthquakes)

6. RF tolerances and emissions

7. Failover capabilities

8. And damage tolerance prior to failure

More or less, NEBS Level 3 SFP transceivers are "ruggedized-lite."  They can take greater stresses with less likelihood of failure, and are therefore a bit more trustworthy in truly mission-critical applications.  However, this also means that the NEBS-ready SFP-GE-T Transceivers are also somewhat more expensive the GLC-T alternative.

And that's really the only other difference worth mentioning.

7/20/2016 10:42:05 PM

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